As I continue looking through Gay life and the surrounding society history. I approached the second world war and want to take a look at standout icons.
So I want to take a precise look at the renowned mathematician Alan Turing and being one of the key people for the cracking of the enigma code at Bletchley Park.
Born in London Maide Vale on 23 June 1912, throughout his time at school he displayed a far higher level of intelligence eventually enrolling at kings college to study maths and science between 1931-1934 as a result of his dissertation, in which he proved the central limits theorem, Turing was elected a fellow at schools upon his graduation.
In 1936 Turing wrote a paper on computable numbers with an application to the Entscheidangs problem. This was so advanced for the time the central concept of modern computers was based on Turing’s paper.
Over the next two years Turing went on to study mathematics and cryptology in New Jersey after receiving his PhD he returned to Cambridge and took a part time position with that Government code braking organisation.
During the war Turing was the leading participant in code breaking particularly that of the German Ciphers he spent much of his time at Bletchley Park then the GCHQ war station.
During his time there he made five at least major advances in the field of cryptanalysis. He also was a key person in the cracking of the enigma code.
Turing’s contribution to the code breaking process didn't stop there. He continued to write two papers about mathematical approaches to code breaking.
This became such an important asset to GCHQ that the papers were not released to the National archives of the UK till April 2012.
After the war Turing moved back to London and worked for the National physical laboratory from there Turing later went on to hold high ranking positions in the mathematical departments and later the computer Laboratory at the University of Manchester in the late 1940s.
In his private life, Homosexuality was still illegal in Britain in the early 1950s, so when he confessed to police of having sexual relations with perpetrator, 19-year- old Arnold Murray he was convicted but avoided a custodial sentence by agreeing to chemical castration.
As a result of his conviction his security clearance was removed and he was unable to continue his work at GCHQ.
A strange circumstance to his death on 7, June 1954 determine death caused by cyanide poisoning and the autopsy ruled suicide, although there is still mystery and unanswered questions regarding his death.
After the war Turing was honoured with an order of the British Empire for his work. In 2007 a life-size statue of him was unveiled at Bletchley Park amongst much more.
Following a petition started by John Graham-Cumming, Gordon Brown the British prime minister released a statement on September 10, 2009 on behalf of the British government which posthumously apologised to Turing for prosecuting him as a homosexual and passed “Turing’s Law” to posthumously pardon thousands of gay and bisexual men who were convicted for homosexual acts when it was considered a crime. According to a statement issued by Justice Minister Sam Gyimah the law also automatically pardoned living people who were “convicted of historical sexual offences who would be innocent of any crime today.
An absolute iconic story about how one man arguably save millions of lives through his own dedication and selfless is hard work, the story is so strong and poignant that was made into a multi-million pound blockbusting movie called ‘The Enigma’.
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